Close XYL-8 St Barbara, etc

XYL-8.1 St Barbara

 [Germany (Augsburg?), c.1475]. Woodcut.

 Schr. 1262a. St Barbara, crowned and with a halo, standing and holding a chalice with the sacrament in her right hand. Single-lined frame. Unique copy. This tiny woodcut, which appears to be unique, forms part of a larger set, of which otherwise only Schr. 1096 (The Madonna and Child in a glory), 1262a (St Barbara), 1336 (St Catherine of Alexandria), 1378 (St Christopher), 1493 (Mass of St Gregory), and 1741 (St Wolfgang) are known to survive. For similar woodcuts see XYL-10.1–5 and those printed in the upper borders of Augsburg calendars: Schr. 788 ([Johann Schönsperger], for the year 1497) and 3181 ([Johann Bämler, n.d.], for the year 1485; see Schreiber, Manuel, I 224; Illustrated Bartsch (Supplement), 163.788.

ills. Illustrated Bartsch (Supplement), 164.1262–1; Bodleian Filmstrip Roll 245, no. 10(b).

refs. Schreiber, Manuel, II 30; Schreiber, Handbuch, III 34; VIII 75; Dodgson, Ashmolean, 33 (Bodl.15); Nicholson no. 106.

copy A cutting, 36 × 31 mm (woodcut 35 × 29 mm). Chain-lines horizontal. The alignment of the paper suggests that XYL 8.1–4 may be cuttings from a larger printed item, presumably a calendar, printed on a chancery sheet. Traces of cut-away printing at the edges of XYL-8.2–4 indicate that the original printed sheet contained further woodcuts which have not been preserved. Printed in black ink in a press on one side of the paper. Coloured in bright crimson, pink, yellow, pale brown, and green. The fine condition of the four prints suggests that they survived to the nineteenth century within the covers of a book, but there is no other evidence of the context in which they came into the possession of their earliest recorded owner, who is likely to have been responsible for mounting them.

 Pasted in modern times onto a postage-stamp size cutting from an incunable leaf (41 × 36 mm) and mounted between glass plates together with XYL-8.2–4. Kept in a dark blue case inscribed ‘early col. prints of saints’, made for the Bodleian. 184 × 151 × 20 mm.

Provenance: Purchased from Antiquariat Caspar Haugg in 1891 (cat. 121, no. 232). See Library Bills, 18 Dec. 1891.

shelfmark: Arch. G. f.5(2).

XYL-8.2 St Catherine of Alexandria

 [Germany (Augsburg?), c.1475]. Woodcut.

 Schr. 1336. St Catherine, crowned and with a halo, standing and holding a wheel in her left hand and a raised naked sword in her right hand. Single-lined frame. One of three recorded copies, the others in London BM (Prints & Drawings) and that attested in the private collection of T. O. Mabbott, New York.

ills. Illustrated Bartsch (Supplement), 164.1336; Bodleian Filmstrip Roll 245, no. 10(d).

refs. Schreiber, Manuel, II 51; Schreiber, Handbuch, III 58–9; VIII 79 (incorrectly listed as no. 1335); Dodgson, Ashmolean, 33 (Bodl.16); Nicholson no. 111.

copy A cutting, 39 × 35 mm (woodcut 35 × 29 mm). Chain-lines horizontal. Printing and colouring as XYL-8.1.

 Pasted in modern times onto a cutting of early paper with worm-holes (50 × 55 mm), no printing evident on the mount. Mounted between glass plates together with XYL-8.1.3–4.

Provenance: Purchased from Antiquariat Caspar Haugg in 1891 (cat. 121, no. 232). See Library Bills, 18 Dec. 1891.

shelfmark: Arch. G. f.5(3).

XYL-8.3 St Gregory, Mass of

 [Germany (Augsburg?), c.1475]. Woodcut.

 Schr. 1493. St Gregory kneels before an altar, accompanied by a bishop, both facing to the left. Above the altar Christ appears as a half-length figure rising from the tomb, his hands raised. Single-lined frame. One of three recorded copies, the others in Munich GraphSlg and the leaf recorded by Schreiber in the private collection of Albert Cohn, Berlin.

ills. W. L. Schreiber, Holzschnitte aus dem letzten Drittel des fünfzehnten Jahrhunderts in der Kgl. Graphischen Sammlung zu München, part I, Einblattdrucke des fünfzehnten Jahrhunderts, 31 (Strasbourg, 1912), pl. 101 (Munich copy); Bodleian Filmstrip Roll 245, no. 10(c).

refs. Schreiber, Manuel, II 106; Schreiber, Handbuch, III 116; VIII 89; Dodgson, Ashmolean, 33 (Bodl.17); Nicholson no. 110.

copy A cutting, 42 × 38 mm (woodcut 36 × 29 mm). Chain-lines horizontal. Printing and colouring as XYL-8.1.

 Pasted in modern times onto a cutting from an incunable leaf printed in two columns (47 × 48 mm). Mounted between glass plates together with XYL-8.1–2.4.

Provenance: Purchased from Antiquariat Caspar Haugg in 1891 (cat. 121, no. 232). See Library Bills, 18 Dec. 1891.

shelfmark: Arch. G. f.5(4).

XYL-8.4 The Madonna and Child in a Glory

 [Germany (Augsburg?), c.1475]. Woodcut.

 Schr. 1096. The Virgin and child, standing on the crescent moon and surrounded by an aureole on a black ground. Single-lined frame. One of two recorded copies, the other in Munich GraphSlg.

ills. Illustrated Bartsch (Supplement), 164.1096; Bodleian Filmstrip Roll 245, no. 10(a).

refs. Schreiber, Manuel, I 325; III 250; Schreiber, Handbuch, II 139; VIII 64; Dodgson, Ashmolean, 33 (Bodl.14); Nicholson no. 14.

copy A cutting, 37 × 32 mm (woodcut 35 × 28 mm). Chain-lines horizontal. Printing and colouring as XYL-8.1.

 Pasted in modern times onto a cutting from an incunable leaf printed in two columns (45 × 40 mm). Mounted between glass plates together with XYL-8.1–3.

Provenance: Purchased from Antiquariat Caspar Haugg in 1891 (cat. 121, no. 232). See Library Bills, 18 Dec. 1891.

shelfmark: Arch. G. f.5(1).