Schr. 1795–6. The five wounds are displayed as fragments of Christ’s body set out heraldically on a shield (and with the same xylographic inscriptions), as in XYL-33, which appears to be a slightly simplified copy of this woodcut. The shield is supported by two angels. The lance is pointed at both ends. Single-lined frame. A typographic inscription, positioned above the woodcut, reads: ‘¶ Ex domo Jhesu de Betheleem.’ A three-line xylographic inscription (not an indulgence, as implied by STC) on a scroll beneath the shield contains an injunction to prayer: ‘Of your charyte in the worshyp of | þe .v. wondes of our lord (and) þe .v. ioyes | of our lady say. P(ate)r n(oste)r (and). Aue.’ Unique copy. The typographic inscription refers to the Carthusian priory of Sheen (Richmond), known as Bethlehem, for which institution this woodcut may be presumed to have been printed. The words ‘Ex domo’, which have been interpreted as an indication that the woodcut was designed as an ex-libris, are better interpretated as an indication that it was issued as a souvenir to pilgrims or visitors to the monastery (Dodgson/Hind). STC and Hodnett attribute the printing to ‘Wynkyn de Worde (?)’.
ills. Dodgson, ‘English Devotional Woodcuts’, pl. XXXVI (c); Dodgson, English Woodcuts, fig. 18; Duffy, Altars, fig. 99; Duffy, ‘Devotion’, fig. 2; Bodleian Filmstrip Roll 245, no. 4.
refs. Dodgson, Ashmolean, 35 (Bodl.25); Dodgson, ‘English Devotional Woodcuts’, 102–3; Schreiber, Handbuch, IV 6; Hind II 738; Dodgson, English Woodcuts, 10 no. 18; STC 14077c.15; Hodnett no. 454a; Nicholson no. 88.
Binding: Mounted between glass and kept in the same dark blue case as XYL-31.
Provenance: Francis Douce (1757–1834). Bequeathed in 1834. For details of Alexander Frogenhall (fl. 1505), William (†1509) and Anne Reede, Thomas Reede, the Withypoll family (sixteenth century), Ralph Sheldon (1623–1681), and J. Newman (born 1757), who are attested by marginalia and other inscriptions as owners of the host volume, see H-188 and Coates–Jensen 252–3, no. 18.
shelfmark: Arch. G f.14.