Schr. 470ha. Christ is portrayed with a halo, his head inclined to the left, apparently with open eyes, affixed by three nails to the cross. A banderole attached to the head of the cross, intended to carry the ‘INRI’ inscription, has been left blank. Mary and John, both with haloes, stand on either side, to the left and the right, with gestures of sorrow. John raises his hand, as if engaged in dialogue. To the left Longinus, with hat and beard, pierces Christ’s side with his lance. Two angels collect the blood which flows from the wounds in his hands and side in chalices. Single-lined frame. The image is surrounded by a broad decorative border of acanthus leaves attached to the curling stem of a vine, with squarish flowers at the corners, enclosed by a double-lined frame. Unique copy. For the border design, which is similar in design to border B of the Gulden puchlein woodcuts in Munich BSB (datable to 1450, Nuremberg), see Schreiber, Handbuch, VI 120, and the discussion in Schmidt, listing nine examples, several of them from Nuremberg. Nicholson noted c.1460–80 as the date for this item, changed by a later annotator of his catalogue to c.1440–50. Schreiber’s later dating (c.1460) needs to be revised in view of the date of the host volume described below. For another woodcut from this group, see XYL-35.
ills. McKitterick, Print, 57, fig. 8; Bodleian Filmstrip Roll 245, no. 23.
refs. Dodgson, Ashmolean, 30 (Bodl.1); Schreiber, Handbuch, VIII 29; Schmidt, Gedruckte Bilder, 32 and n. 73; Nicholson no. 77.
refs. SC 19423; Van Dijk I 192.
Binding: Fifteenth-century inboard binding. 234 × 157 × 29 mm. Red, surface-stained tawed sheep over sharply bevelled wooden boards. Many individual leaves have been been repaired with a fine white handmade laid paper. The original endleaves, a parchment pastedown and a paper flyleaf, were lifted and heavily repaired with transparent paper in the late nineteenth or early twentieth century; now foliated fols i–ii, 58–59. Fol. 60, originally a slotted spine liner extending onto the boards, was also lifted and heavily repaired. It is now guarded into the manuscript after the lower endleaves. Each quire has an internal parchment sewing guard. Both boards have impressions from five circular bosses. The upper board has the scar from a lost catch plate which was attached with four copper-alloy pins. The lower board has the stub of a heavy tawed-leather strap anchored with a copper-alloy pin. The strap and clasp are now missing. The three parchment leaves which originally served as pastedowns and as spine liner, a single leaf (fol. i) and a bifolium (fols 59–60), are fragments of the earliest known copy of a Middle High German medical text, the Bartholomäus, datable on palaeographical grounds c.1200–20; the parchment sewing guards between fols 15v/16r, 35v/36r, and 45v/46r are from the same manuscript.
refs. R. Priebsch, ‘Deutsche Prosafragmente des XII. Jahrhunderts II: Bruchstücke der sog. Practica des Meisters Bartholomaeus’, Modern Language Review, 11 (1916), 321–34; G. Keil, ‘Bartholomäus’, in VL 1 (1978), 609–15; B. Schnell, ‘Die deutsche Medizinliteratur im 13. Jahrhundert. Ein erster Überblick’, in Eine Epoche im Umbruch. Volkssprachliche Literalität 1200–1300. Cambridger Symposium 2001, ed. C. Bertelsmeier-Kierst and others (Tübingen, 2003), 249–65, at 253; ‘Marburger Repertorium deutschsprachiger Handschriften des 13. Jahrhunderts’ (www.marburg.de/hosting/mr/mr13 [accessed 11 Apr. 2004]).
Provenance: Villach (Carinthia), parish church of S. Martin; inscription ‘Hoc Mißale fuit quondam ad usum Ecclesie Parochialis S. Martini supra Villacum’ (seventeenth century). Matteo Luigi Canonici (1727–1805 or 1806). Purchased by the Bodleian in 1817. shelfmark: MS. Canon. Liturg. 334, fol. 3v.
Provenance: Villach (Carinthia), parish church of S. Martin; inscription ‘Hoc Mißale fuit quondam ad usum Ecclesie Parochialis S. Martini supra Villacum’ (seventeenth century). Matteo Luigi Canonici (1727–1805 or 1806). Purchased by the Bodleian in 1817.
shelfmark: MS. Canon. Liturg. 334, fol. 3v.