Schr. 2269c. Only a small portion of this unique item has been preserved, with the result that the identification of the scene depicted remains uncertain. On the right we see a heavily bearded figure in exotic garb, enthroned, wearing a Phrygian hat, and carrying a baton or sceptre in his left hand. The background is formed by a curtain of rich brocade and the diagonal lines of a roof. Executed with punches and cross-hatching. As Pilate is portrayed without a beard in XYL-14.2, which clearly belongs to the same set of metalcuts, and as this figure is lacking the attributes of kingship, such as would give a positive indication of Herod, this is most likely the remains of a picture of Christ appearing in bondage before Caiaphas or Annas. Nicholson and Van Dijk identify the figure as Herod; Schreiber suggests Pilate. Unique copy. This and the following item appear to be the only remnants of a fourth metalcut Passion cycle, in the same style and format as the Stöger-Passion (XYL-1), the Chicago Passion, and the Riga Passion, as discussed in the survey by Field, ‘Art Institute’ (without mention of these two Bodleian leaves). Considered by Schreiber to be Upper Rhenish, possibly an early work of the Master of the Aachen Madonna (with his distinctive treatment of eyes and eyebrows), but, as Field notes, Schreiber’s attribution of metalcuts to this region is largely based on his interpretation of the Stöger-Passion, which is now questioned by P. Schmidt (see XYL-1.1).
refs. Schreiber, Handbuch, V 37; Nicholson no. 57.
refs. SC 6489; Van Dijk IV 107.
Binding: Fifteenth-century blind-tooled inboard binding, later rebacked. 112 × 85 × 33 mm. Mid-brown tanned hair-sheep (?) over beech boards. The covering leather is now much darker; see the upper turn-ins for the original colour. All tooling is blind, executed with a four-line fillet and three tools: square stamp with dragon; indistinct circular stamp (angel?); indistinct rectangular stamp (foliage). The original upper parchment pastedown has been lifted. Each board has a single recess with three nail-holes and a later larger hole through the board. No furniture now survives. Rebacked with mid-brown tanned leather. Part of the original spine, bearing the shelfmark ‘133’ in white paint, is now mounted on the inner face of the upper board.
Provenance: Robard Toteayd of Bury (fl. c.1500); see the seven-line strophic inscription in English recording the donation of the book and requesting prayers for the former owner: ‘Bokys and preyer moche profytabyll be . . .’ (fol. 150r). John Mannyng (fl. early sixteenth century); inscription at fol. 150r: ‘John Mannyng´ hys boeke’. Thomas Barlow (1607–91); inscription ‘Liber Thome Barlow è collegio Reg. Oxon. 1647’. Bequeathed in 1691. Other names associated with the manuscript are Thomas White, whose death on 26 Oct. 1460 is recorded in the calendar on fol. 10, and William Milett, whose birth on 16 Sept. 1474 is recorded on fol. 149v. Former Bodleian shelfmarks: MS. Liturg. 133; MS. Linc. 47.
shelfmark: MS. Barlow 47, fol. iv.
Schr. 2273a. Christ before Pilate, who washes his hands. Christ is shown with a halo, wearing a long robe, standing to the left, held by a soldier in armour. His hands are bound. To the right Pilate, a beardless figure wearing a Phrygian hat, sits on a throne washing his hands in a bowl. The man to his right wears a hat. The man to his left pours water on his hands. The background is formed by a curtain and an arched vault. At the top an inscription, white on black and framed with a double line, reads ‘Innocens . Sum . in . isto . homi’ (based on Mt 27,24: ‘Innocens ego sum a sanguine iusti huius’); see Schr. 2273. Executed in black on white, using punches and cross-hatching. Unique copy. Part of the same, otherwise unattested metalcut Passion cycle as XYL-14.1. Described by Schreiber as an early Upper Rhenish metalcut, possibly an early work of the Master of the Aachen Madonna.
ills. Bodleian Filmstrip Roll 245, no. 13.
refs. Schreiber, Handbuch, V 38–9; Griese (in preparation); Nicholson no. 58.
Binding and provenance: See XYL-14.1 for details.
shelfmark: MS. Barlow 47, lower pastedown.