Close XYL-10 St Catherine of Alexandria; Madonna and Child; Madonna and Child in a Glory; Monstrance; Visitation

[Germany (Augsburg?), c.1485–90]. Woodcut.

 Schr. 60. The Visitation. Elisabeth, standing to the left, extends her hands to the Virgin, who is shown standing to the right in the doorway of a building. Both have haloes. A tower and steeple can be seen in the background. Single-lined frame. One of three recorded copies, the others in London BM (Prints & Drawings) and Munich GraphSlg.

ills. Illustrated Bartsch (Supplement), 161.60 (Munich copy); 164.1067 (all five images, Bodleian copy); Bodleian Filmstrip Roll 245, no. 19.

refs. Schreiber, Manuel, I 20; Schreiber, Handbuch, I 26; Dodgson, Ashmolean, 32 (Bodl.9); Schreiber, Handbuch, VIII 7; Nicholson no. 9.

 Schr. 1067. Madonna and child. The Virgin, with crown and halo, is seated, holding the naked Christ child, who stands on her left knee. The image belongs to the same set as XYL-10.1. Single-lined frame on three sides, a double line at the top. Unique copy.

ills. Illustrated Bartsch (Supplement), 164.1067; Bodleian Filmstrip Roll 245, no. 19.

refs. Schreiber, Manuel, I 318; Schreiber, Handbuch, II 130; Dodgson, Ashmolean, 32 (Bodl.10); Schreiber, Handbuch, VIII 62; Nicholson no. 17.

 Schr. 1082. Madonna and child in a glory. The Virgin, with crown and halo, is standing, holding the naked Christ child in her arms. He stretches out his right arm to touch her chin. In the background a glory, depicted as a circle of flames. Single-lined frame. One of two recorded copies, the other formerly in the Wünsch collection in Währing (Vienna).

ills. Illustrated Bartsch (Supplement), 164.1067; Bodleian Filmstrip Roll 245, no. 19.

refs. Schreiber, Manuel, I 322; Schreiber, Handbuch, II 135; Dodgson, Ashmolean, 32 (Bodl.11); Schreiber, Handbuch, VIII 63; Illustrated Bartsch (Supplement), 164.1082; Nicholson no. 19.

 Schr. 1335. St Catherine of Alexandria. She is shown crowned and with a halo, standing and holding a raised naked sword in her left hand. With her right hand she grasps her cloak. Single-lined frame. One of six recorded copies, the others in Augsburg SB, London BM (Prints & Drawings), Munich BSB (two copies, the second formerly in Prince Liechtenstein’s collection in Vienna), and Munich GraphSlg.

ills. Schramm III 759 (Munich BSB copy); Illustrated Bartsch (Supplement), 163.788 (Munich GraphSlg copy); 164.1067 (Bodleian copy); 164.1074–1 (Munich BSB copy); Bodleian Filmstrip Roll 245, no. 19.

refs. Schreiber, Manuel, II 51; Schreiber, Handbuch, III 58; Dodgson, Ashmolean, 32 (Bodl.12); Schreiber, Handbuch, VIII 79; Illustrated Bartsch (Supplement), 164.1335; Nicholson no. 112.

 Schr. 1941. Monstrance. The cylindrical ostensorium, in which the sacrament is displayed, stands on a quatrefoil base, surmounted by a pinnacle and flanked by two pairs of columns with pinnacles. Single-lined frame on three sides, a double line at the top. One of three recorded copies, the others in London BM (Prints & Drawings) and Munich GraphSlg.

ills. Illustrated Bartsch (Supplement), 164.1067; McKitterick, Print, 58 fig. 9; Bodleian filmstrip Roll 245, no. 19.

refs. Schreiber, Manuel, II 290; Schreiber, Handbuch, IV 92; Dodgson, Ashmolean, 32 (Bodl.13); Nicholson no. 99.

 These five woodcuts belong to a larger set described by Schreiber, Manuel, I 20, as Augsburg work of c.1490, which were mostly used for the illustration of calendars and comprise Schr. 60, 80, 112, 576, 623, 629, 749, 1067, 1082, 1335, 1492, 1835, and 1941. Schr. 1335 occurs in a set of images printed on a calendar broadside for 1485, attributed to Master Joß Hordt of Augsburg, and printed with the types of Johann Bämler of Augsburg; see Illustrated Bartsch (Supplement), 164.1074–1 (unique copy in Munich BSB). Schr. 60, 1335, 1492, and 1941 are all included in a calendar broadside of very similar design printed with the types of Hans Schoensperger of Augsburg for the year 1497; Illustrated Bartsch (Supplement), 164.788 (unique copy in Munich GraphSlg). For a comparable item see XYL-8.1–4.

copy The oblong paper strip on which the five woodcuts are printed side by side, in the order as listed above, is a cut-out from a larger sheet, present dimensions 45 × 147 mm (printed area of the woodcuts 41 × 26 mm, 42 × 29 mm, 41 × 25 mm, 44 × 28 mm, 44 × 28 mm). Chain-lines horizontal. No watermark. Printed in black ink in a press on one side of the paper. Coloured in green, dark red, yellow, and pale brown. The first image is partly torn away at top and bottom, the second only at the bottom. Several worm-holes. There are traces of paste on the reverse, which also contains pencil notes indicating the acquisition from Ludwig Rosenthal and the Schreiber numbers. The arrangement of the images, side by side to form a strip, corresponds exactly to that attested in the typographic broadside calendars made by late fifteenth-century Augsburg printers, as indicated above, and it is clear that this is a cutting from such a leaf.

Binding: Mounted between glass plates and kept in a dark purple case, made for the Bodleian and inscribed ‘early col. prints of saints’. 198 × 85 × 19 mm.

Provenance: Ludwig Rosenthal (1840–1928); in his possession when first mentioned by Schreiber in 1892. Purchased in 1893 from Rosenthal’s Cat. 90, no. 8.

shelfmark:Arch. G f.8.